- Eklemek veya çıkarmak istediğiniz kriterleriniz için 'Dahil' / 'Hariç' seçeneğini kullanabilirsiniz. Sorgu satırları birbirine 'VE' bağlacı ile bağlıdır. - İptal tuşuna basarak normal aramaya dönebilirsiniz.
Amaç: Nekrotik pulpalı immatür dişlerde kök ucunun açık olması, kök kanal sisteminin geniş ve kök ucuna doğru genişleyerek sonlanması nedeniyle bu dişlerde endodontik tedavi ile etkili bir apikal tıkama oluşturulması oldukça zordur. Bu yüzden bu dişlerin endodontik tedavilerinde kullanılacak kök kanal dolgu sisteminin apikal tıkama özelliği önem kazanmaktadır. Çalışmamızda hazırlanan simule immatür dişlerde yeni üretilmiş MTA Fillapex kanal dolgu patının Güta-perka ile birlikte kullanımı ve oluşturduğu apikal tıkamanın etkinliği Güta-perka/AH Plus kanal dolgu sistemi ile karşılaştırılarak in vitro koşullarda değerlendirilmesi amaçla . . .nmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmada 20 adet örnek Güta-perka/MTA Fillapex, diğer 20 adet örnek ise Güta-perka/AH Plus ile doldurulmuştur. Bulgular: Boya sızıntı testi ile elde edilen sonuçlar istatistiksel olarak değerlendirildiğinde Güta-perka/MTA Fillapex, Güta-perka/AH Plus sistemine göre anlamlı düzeyde (
The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that increased irregularity of the mandibular incisors is associated with a reduction in the alveolar support on cone-beam computed tomographic sections.
From a sample of 1100 digital volumetric tomographs, 125 tomographs of subjects with Class I malocclusion (mean age, 21.6 ± 4.8 years) were selected for this study. An irregularity index was used to categorize these tomographs as having mild, moderate, or severe crowding. All tomographs were taken by using an iCAT (Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, Pa) imaging device. The following parameters we . . .re measured on the sections corresponding to the 4 mandibular incisors with the iCAT software: height, thickness, and area of the entire symphysis; height, thickness, and area of the cancellous bone of the symphysis; and distance between the vestibular and lingual cortices. For the statistical evaluation, independent samples t test, analysis of variance, and the Tukey HSD test were used at an alpha level 0.05. The Pearson correlation coefficient and a simple linear regression were calculated to determine the relationship between mandibular anterior bony support and incisor crowding.
Almost all mandibular anterior bone measurements were greater in the male subjects than in the female subjects (height of the mandibular symphysis, P
Objective: The purpose of this retrospective radiographic study was to determine the reliability and reproducibility of skeletal and
dental measurements of lateral cephalograms created from a computerised tomography (CT) scan compared with conventional
and digital lateral cephalograms.
Methods: CT and conventional lateral cephalograms of the same patients were obtained from university archives. The lateral
cephalometric radiographs of 30 patients were manually traced. The radiographs were subsequently scanned and traced using
Dolphin Imaging software version 11 (Dolphin Imaging, Chatsworth, CA, USA). The CT-created lateral ceph . . .alograms were also
traced using the same software. Sixteen (10 angular and 6 linear) measurements were performed. Cephalometric measurements
obtained from conventional, digital and CT-created cephalograms were statistically compared using repeated measures analysis
of variance (ANOVA). Statistical significance was set at the p < 0.05 level of confidence.
Results: The intra-rater reliability test for each method showed high values (r > 0.90) except for mandibular length which had a
correlation of 0.82 for the CT-created cephalogram. Five measurements (N-A-Pog, N-S, ANS-PNS, Co-ANS and Co-Gn) were
found to be significantly different between the CT-created and conventional cephalograms and three measurements (SNB, ANB,
and /1-MP) were found to be significantly different between the CT-created and digital cephalograms.
Conclusions: There are statistically-significant differences in measurements produced using a traditional manual analysis, a direct
digital analysis or a 3D CT-derived cephalometric analysis of orthodontic patients. These differences are, on average, small but
because of individual variation, may be of considerable clinical significance in some patients
English merchants participated in overseas trade in the 16th century and gradually increased their roles in this trade. Joint-stock companies, which were sponsored by the Kingdom of England, were the greatest factor in this increase. One of those joint-stock companies was founded in Russia in 1553 and took control of the Russian trade in a short time. Meantime Anthony Jenkinson was appointed as captain-general of the Muscovy Company in 1557. His initial step was to make an expedition of discovery to Caspian Sea and beyond. He noticed commercial potential of Persia during his expedition. Thereupon, he went to Persia as an envoy to co . . .nvey a letter from Queen Elizabeth I. His aim was to obtain some privileges for the English merchants from Shah Tahmasb. But his demand was rejected by the Shah. However, Muscovy Company decided to maintain the journeys to Persia. So, it organized five more journeys until 1581. Those journeys were the first diplomatic and commercial relations between the Safavids and the England
Amaç: Koronal örtücülük, endodontik tedavinin başarısını ve periapikal doku sağlığını etkileyen kritik bir faktördür. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmamızda yeni üretilmiş MTA Fillapex kanal dolgu patının Güta-perka ile birlikte kullanımı ve oluşturduğu koronal tıkamanın etkinliği Güta-perka/AH Plus kanal dolgu sistemi ile karşılaştırılarak in vitro koşullarda değerlendirilmiştir. Çalışmada 20 adet örnek Güta-perka/MTA Fillapex, 20 adet örnek Güta-perka/AH Plus ile doldurulmuştur. Bulgular: Boya penetrasyon testi ile elde edilen sonuçlar istatistiksel olarak değerlendirildiğinde Güta-perka/MTA Fillapex ile Güta-perka/AH Plus sistemi arası . . .nda koronal örtücülük açısından anlamlı bir farklılık bulunmamıştır (p>0,05). Sonuç: Çalışma sonuçları değerlendirildiğinde MTA Fillapex materyalinin in vivo koşullardaki etkinliğini değerlendiren klinik çalışmaların yapılması gerekmektedir.
Objective: Coronal sealing is a critical factor which effects the succes of endodontic treatment and periapical tissue health. Material and Methods: In the present study, comparative evaluation of a recently produced material, MTA Fillapex used with Gutta percha and AH-Plus used with Gutta-percha regarding their coronal sealing efficiency in in vitro conditions. 20 specimens were filled with Gutta-percha/MTA Fillapex and the other 20 specimens were filled with Gutta-percha/AH Plus root canal filling system. Results: Dye penetration test was used to compare two groups and according to the statistical analysis, there was no significant differences between Gutta-percha/MTA Fillapex and Gutta-percha/AH Plus (p>0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, further clinical studies evaluating MTA Fillapex root canal sealer's efficiency in in vivo conditions are necessary
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in craniofacial morphology,
head posture and hyoid bone position between mouth breathing (MB) and nasal breathing
Methods: Mouth breathing patients comprised 34 skeletal Class I subjects with a mean age of
12.8 ± 1.5 years (range: 12.0–15.2 years). Thirty-two subjects with skeletal Class I relationship were
included in the NB group (mean 13.5 ±1.3 years; range: 12.2–14.8 years). Twenty-seven measurements
(15 angular and 12 linear) were used for the craniofacial analysis. Additionally, 12 measurements
were evaluated for head posture (eight measurement . . .s) and hyoid bone position (four
measurements). Student’s t-test was used for the statistical analysis. Probability values
We evaluated the detachment force, amount of deformation, fracture mode, and pull-out force of 3 different wires used for bonded lingual retainer fabrication.
We tested 0.0215-inch five-stranded wire (PentaOne, Masel; group I), 0.016 × 0.022-inch dead-soft eight-braided wire (Bond-A-Braid, Reliance; group II), and 0.0195-inch dead-soft coaxial wire (Respond, Ormco; group III). To test detachment force, deformation, and fracture mode, we embedded 94 lower incisor teeth in acrylic blocks in pairs. Retainer wires were bonded to the teeth and vertically directed force was applied to the wire. To test pull-out forc . . .e, wires were embedded in composite that was placed in a hole at the center of an acrylic block. Tensile force was applied along the long axis of the wire.
Detachment force and mode of fracture were not different between groups. Deformation was significantly higher in groups II and III than in group I (p < 0.001). Mean pull-out force was significantly higher for group I compared to groups II and III (p < 0.001).
Detachment force and fracture mode were similar for all wires, but greater deformations were seen in dead-soft wires. Wire pull-out force was significantly higher for five-stranded coaxial wire than for the other wires tested. Five-stranded coaxial wires are suggested for use in bonded lingual retainers
The aim of this follow-up study was to evaluate the effects of Pre-Orthodontic Trainer (POT) appliance on the anterior temporal, mental, orbicularis oris, and masseter muscles through electromyography (EMG) evaluations in subjects with Class II division 1 malocclusion and incompetent lips. Twenty patients (mean age: 9.8 ± 2.2 years) with a Class II division 1 malocclusion were treated with POT (Myofunctional Research Co., Queensland, Australia). A group of 15 subjects (mean age: 9.2 ± 0.9 years) with untreated Class II division 1 malocclusions was used as a control. EMG recordings of treatment group were taken at the beginning and a . . .t the end of the POT therapy (mean treatment period: 7.43 ± 1.06 months). Follow-up records of the control group were taken after 8 months of the first records. Recordings were taken during different oral functions: clenching, sucking, and swallowing. Statistical analyses were undertaken with Wilcoxon and Mann–Whitney U-tests. During the POT treatment, activity of anterior temporal, mental, and masseter muscles was decreased and orbicularis oris activity was increased during clenching and these differences were found statistically significant when compared to control. Orbicularis oris activity during sucking was increased in the treatment group (P < 0.05). In the control group, significant changes were determined for anterior temporal (P < 0.05) and masseter (P < 0.01) muscle at clenching and orbicularis oris (P < 0.05) muscle at swallowing during observation period. Present findings indicated that treatment with POT appliance showed a positive influence on the masticatory and perioral musculature
The aim of this study was to evaluate soft tissue differences between Turkish and North American adults by comparing two sample populations with ideal occlusion and well-balanced faces. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 117 Anatolian Turkish adults (65 female and 52 male, mean age: 23.9 ± 2.8 years) were compared with a sample of 116 adults of European–American ancestry (64 female and 52 male, mean age: 25.0 ± 6.8 years). The cephalometric analyses of Holdaway, Epker, and Legan and Burstone were performed using Dolphin Image Software 9.0. Thirty-two measurements (27 linear and 5 angular) were analysed. For statistical evaluation, . . . independent samples t-tests were performed.
Distinct differences were found between the two samples in facial convexity, upper lip position and length, lower lip position, chin prominence, and chin thickness. Vertical proportional findings were similar between groups. Ethnic differences were found between Turkish and North American adults in the soft tissue profile. It is appropriate to consider these differences during routine diagnosis and treatment planning of a Turkish patient or an American patient of European ancestry
Objective: To test the null hypothesis that the presence of alveolar defects (dehiscence and
fenestration) was not different among patients with different vertical growth patterns.
Materials and Methods: A total of 1872 teeth in 26 hyper-divergent (mean age: 24.4 6 4.8 years),
27 hypo-divergent (mean age: 25.1 6 4.5 years), and 25 normo-divergent (mean age: 23.6 6
4.1 years) patients with no previous orthodontic treatment were evaluated using cone-beam
computed tomography. Axial and cross-sectional views were evaluated with regard to whether
dehiscence and/or fenestration on buccal and lingual surfaces existed or not. For stat . . .istical
analysis, the Pearson chi-square test was used at a P , .05 significance level.
Results: According to the statistical analysis, the hypo-divergent group (6.56%) had lower
dehiscence prevalence than the hyper-divergent (8.35%) and normo-divergent (8.18%) groups
(P 5 .004). Higher prevalences of dehiscence and fenestration were found on buccal sides in all
vertical growth patterns. While fenestration was a common finding for the maxillary alveolar region,
dehiscence was a common finding in the mandible in all groups.
Conclusion: The null hypothesis was rejected. Although the prevalence of fenestrations was not
different, significant differences for dehiscences were found in patients with different vertical growth
The aim of this prospective experimental study was to evaluate the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation therapy (LPT) on the stability of immediately loaded miniscrews under different force levels, as assessed by resonance frequency analysis (RFA). Sixty titanium orthodontic miniscrews with a length of 8 mm and a diameter of 1.4 mm were implanted into cortical bone by closed flap technique in each proximal tibia of 15 New Zealand white adult male rabbits (n = 30). The animals were randomly divided into irradiated and control groups under different force levels (0, 150, and 300 cN). OsseoPulse® LED device (Biolux R . . .esearch Ltd.) 618 nm wavelength and 20 mW/cm2 output power irradiation (20 minutes/day) was applied to the miniscrews for 10 days. The RFA records were performed at miniscrew insertion session (T1) and 21 days after surgery (T2). Wilcoxon and Mann–Whitney U-tests were used for statistical evaluation at P < 0.005 level.
It was found that initial primer stability of all miniscrews was similar in all groups at the start of the experimental procedure. Statistically significant differences were found for changes in implant stability quotient (ISQ) values between LED-photobiomodulated group and the control (0 cN, P = 0.001; 150 cN, P < 0.001; and 300 cN, P < 0.001). Significant increase was found in ISQ values of LPT applied miniscrews under 0 cN (+11.63 ISQ), 150 cN (+10.50 ISQ), and 300 cN (+7.00 ISQ) force during observation period. By the increase of force levels, it was determined that ISQ values decreased in non-irradiated control miniscrews. Within the limits of this in vivo study, the present RFA findings suggest that LPT might have a favourable effect on healing and attachment of titanium orthodontic miniscrews